As a result in order to meet the need for a short measure of resilience, a polish form of the newest RS-fourteen, that will become psychometrically verified and you may round the diverse communities, it actually was vital that you glance at the newest measure’s main tendencies, inner consistency and you can factor design over the three chose subgroups and additionally brand new gender and you will age kids, young adults, and the ones that have unique needs. “I hypothesized one for everybody around three products, a single-foundation model would-be offered and this score will be highly reputable given that analyzed because of the traditional interpretive requirements” (Aiena mais aussi al., 2015).
Participants and you can Process
Analyses have been centered on around three fundamental samples, that composed of teenagers inside the ages of 13–17, the following in it teenagers for the many years 19–27, as well as the third incorporated people for the chronilogical age of 13-18 which have adaptive psychosocial troubles who were in child custody regarding academic, therapeutic or correctional associations. The attempt provided dos,715 young people out of about three additional organizations contained in this Poland, aged regarding 13 in order to twenty seven (Meters = , SD = step 3.90), mainly female (%).
Sample 1-adolescents (N = 400). The sample was with age ranging from 13 to 17 years old (M = , SD = 0.86) predominately female (58.3%). Sample 2-early adulthood (N = 1659). Data were also gathered at a medium-sized university located in northeast Poland. Overall, we had results from students aged 19–27 years old (M = , SD = 1.82) predominately female (82.3%). Sample 3-problem group (N = 656). The sample consisted of three groups: socially maladjusted juveniles from probation centers was (N = 116) with age ranging from 13 to 17 years old (M = , SD = 1.48) predominately male (75.0%), adolescents with psycho-social impairments attending (staying) in Youth Sociotherapy Centers (N = 293, aged 13–18 years old, M = , SD = 1.22) and adolescents externalizing educational difficulties (Youth Educational Centers, N = 247, with age ranging from 13 to 18 years old (M = , SD = 0.98). The selection of the third study sample was purposive due to the specifics of the facilities to which the studied individuals were admitted. The main criterion for including respondents to sample 3 was the occurrence of emotional and behavioral disorders. A comparative analysis using ANOVA did not confirm differences between problem groups (youth from probation centers, educational centers and sociotherapy centers) in terms of the RS-14 index [F(2, 653) = 2.63; p > 0.05].
Sociotherapeutic and academic facilities try establishment away from place of household, and that mode round the clock. In Poland you’ll find currently more step 3,100000 youth old 13–18 that staying in eg Youth Sociotherapy Centers and over cuatro,100 that staying in Childhood Instructional Locations. Childhood Sociotherapy Locations are capable of kids who, on account of developmental issues, training difficulties, and you can disorders inside public working, reaches risk of social maladjustment and need a new company off understanding, ways of functions, training and you will sociotherapy. Currently, there are 74 when you look at the Poland. Youthfulness Instructional Stores are capable of socially maladjusted teens who need the use of an alternative business off reading, methods of functions and education. Currently, you’ll find 96 in Poland. A great Probation Heart is actually 24 hours-care and attention studio that provides prevention, worry, knowledge, treatment, and you may therapeutic factors. Those activities done in the middle is actually aimed at switching teenager attitudes on the new socially desirable, making certain the perfect development of its identification. Probation facilities services within the region process of law. Already, you can find 97 inside the Poland. Presently, ~step one,100000 juveniles was mousemingle promosyon kodu Ã¼cretsiz basically regarded particularly business.
Psychometric characteristics of your own RS-fourteen was indeed assessed playing with univariate and bivariate analyses conducted to the analytical application IBM SPSS Analytics and you will IBM AMOS. The Cronbach Leader coefficient was used in order to define coherence (measurement out-of accuracy). When it comes to go out balance comparison, Pearson’s r correlation data and the t test to own dependent samples were utilized. Principal component study was utilized to verify this new unmarried grounds framework from RS-fourteen claimed by Wagnild and you will More youthful (1993). Exploratory and you may confirmatory factor-analytic tips was in fact employed to gauge the basis construction of your measure. Brand new factor reliability are analyzed having fun with EFA (fundamental role approach, oblimin rotation) and you may CFA (IBM AMOS, ML strategy). The brand new designs from the EFA was examined to have a sufficient fit making use of the pursuing the complement indexes: chi-rectangular and you will levels of liberty, RMSEA in addition to 90% trust interval (CI); (Steiger, 1990) SRMR, the new Tucker–Lewis List (TLI); (Tucker and you can Lewis, 1973), CFI; and you may GFI (Hu and you may Bentler, 1999).